The most popular ten-year policy of China's entry

2022-07-31
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Ten years' policies for China's entry into WTO: ten years' changes in the policy of imported printing equipment. As a result, China's printing industry is in an open global pattern, facing challenges again and again, and creating conditions for printing enterprises to make use of two markets and two resources, and obtain transformation and upgrading under the WTO framework. Now, in the tenth year of China's entry into WTO, China has become a big printing country. On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of China's accession to the WTO, the magazine launched the special topic on the changes of China's printing industry in the past 10 years in the 5th, 6th and 7th editions, combed the profound changes brought about by China's accession to the WTO in the past 10 years, detailed the development process of printing related industries' going out and introduction, displayed the experience of printing enterprises in innovation guidance, transformation and upgrading, and sought new momentum for the development of the next 10 years while summarizing

On december11,2001, China formally joined the world trade organization. It has been 10 years since then. In the 10 years since China's entry into WTO, China's import and export trade has increased rapidly, which has promoted the rapid development of China's economic construction. The GDP increased from 11trillion yuan in 2001 to 40trillion yuan in 2010; The economic aggregate has successively overtaken Germany and Japan, ranking second in the world; The total import and export volume of goods increased from US $509.8 billion to US $3trillion; Become the world's largest exporter and the second largest importer. At the same time, in the 10 years since China joined the WTO, China has kept its commitment to join the WTO and reduced the tariff rate of imported products year by year; Cancel all non-tariff measures such as import quota licenses; Fully liberalize the right to operate foreign trade; The total tariff level of China has been reduced from 15.3% before joining the WTO to 9.8%. All our commitments to the WTO have been fulfilled. The 10 years since China's entry into WTO have not only brought earth shaking changes to China's economic development, but also made great contributions to the development of World Trade and world economy

in the 10 years since China's accession to the WTO, our printing industry, like other industries, has better fulfilled the commitments made by the leaders of intensive processing after China's accession to the WTO. We have given many preferential policies in terms of tariff reduction of imported printing equipment, decentralization of management, simplification of import procedures, promotion of domestic and foreign exchanges, and foreign investment in China, especially in terms of imported printing equipment, creating a good investment environment for foreign investors. In the 10 years since China's entry into WTO, the biggest changes in China's policy on importing printing equipment are reflected in the following aspects

At the same time, the requirements for the preparation process, equipment and production environment of high nickel ternary materials are far higher than those for ordinary ternary materials. The import tariff has been greatly reduced in fulfilling the WTO commitments. Before China's accession to the WTO, the tariff on imported printing equipment in China was relatively high. The average import tax rate of 28 commonly used printing machines published in 2001 was 16.576%, higher than the general tariff level of the WTO. In particular, the offset printing press most desired by the printing industry has an import tariff of 22% and a 17% import link adjustment tax (i.e. value-added tax). If you want to import an offset press of 1million US dollars, it will cost 100 (1221.17) =1427400 US dollars, of which 427400 US dollars will be paid just for paying taxes. It can be seen that the tax burden of importing an offset press is very heavy

after China's accession to the WTO, China has conscientiously fulfilled its commitment to tariff concessions and substantially reduced import tariffs year by year (see the attached table for details). Take offset printing presses as an example. Before joining the WTO, the import tariff rate was 22% in 2001, reduced to 14.8% in 2002, 12.4% in 2003 and 10% in 2004. Later, some high-tech technologies were reduced or exempted in the form of formulating provisional tax rates lower than MFN tax rates and issuing documents. For example, from 2009, the tentative tax rate of offset press is 7%, which is reduced from 22% before China's entry into WTO to 7%, which is rare in the world. Since 2009, China has also implemented the VAT Deduction Policy, which further reduces the burden on enterprises and further promotes the import of printing equipment

as China has conscientiously fulfilled its tariff concession commitments, formulated correct policies and adopted many effective measures, our commitments have been well implemented and the import of foreign high-tech has been promoted. Take the flat paper offset press as an example. In 2001, 645 sets were imported, in 2002, 785 sets were imported, in 2003, 933 sets were imported, in 2004, 1052 sets were imported, and in 2005, 1135 sets were imported. From then on, it has basically stabilized at more than 1000 sets every year

decentralization of import management and simplification of import procedures

the import of mechanical and electrical products in China is managed in such ways as prohibition of import, restriction of import, import of quota products, import of specific products, automatic import license management, etc. The agencies that manage the import of mechanical and electrical products include the import and export office of mechanical and electrical products of the Ministry of Commerce (the first level management agency) and the import Office of mechanical and electrical products of relevant ministries and commissions, special economic zones, production and Construction Corps (the second level management agency). The former is responsible for the examination, approval and issuance of import licenses for restricted products, quota imported products and specific products, The latter is responsible for the approval and issuance of import licenses in the catalogue of goods subject to automatic import license administration

before China's accession to the WTO, there were few products that could be included in the automatic import license management. The power to examine, approve and issue licenses was basically vested in the mechanical and electrical office of the Ministry of Commerce. The flat paper and web offset printing machines that were most widely used by printing enterprises were first managed as restricted products and then as specific products for quite a long time. The import declaration procedure is complex and involves many links. In addition to the examination and approval of the local governments at all levels, they also have to come to Beijing to apply to the Ministry of Commerce for approval and obtain import licenses. Most of them have to wait in line, which not only increases the burden on Enterprises, but also reduces the efficiency

after China's accession to the WTO, the Ministry of Commerce and the General Administration of Customs jointly issued announcements No. 62, No. 72 and No. 94 in 2003, 2004 and 2005, and Announcement No. 107 in 2010, successively delegating printing equipment with advanced technology and 37 applicable tax items such as web paper and flat paper offset printing machines as the catalogue of goods subject to automatic import license management to secondary (provincial) management organizations. Now it can be said that China has fully opened the printing equipment market. If a printing enterprise wants to import equipment, it can be solved in the province (District, city), which greatly facilitates the enterprise and improves the work efficiency. This move has been highly praised by the majority of printing enterprises and promoted the import of high and new technologies

After China's accession to the world trade organization, the Ministry of Commerce has revised the catalogue for the guidance of foreign investment industries for several times and adopted a series of preferential policies, the most of which are the preferential policies for the reduction and exemption of import duties and import link adjustment tax (i.e. value-added tax) on the imported self use equipment of foreign-invested enterprises in China, so as to create a good investment environment for foreign-invested enterprises in China, Attract and encourage foreign investors to invest in China. The main preferential policies and measures adopted are:

1 The preferential policy of "two exemptions and three reductions" shall be implemented. That is, after the foreign-funded enterprises are put into operation and make profits, they will be exempted from income tax within two years, and the enterprise income tax will be halved in the next three years, which greatly reduces the risk of foreign investment

2. The printing equipment imported by foreign-funded printing enterprises in China is the same as that of domestic enterprises. Many brothers are subject to VAT deduction and enjoy the provisional tariff rate set by the General Administration of customs every year due to their poor control of machine operation knowledge

3. Foreign investors who are allowed to invest in packaging, decoration and printing enterprises may apply for wholly-owned or controlled joint ventures. Meanwhile, on january13,2009, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce jointly issued the catalogue of advantageous industries for foreign investment in the central and western regions, which stipulates that foreign investors who invest in packaging, decoration and printing enterprises in Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Hubei, Yunnan and other seven provinces can enjoy the preferential treatment of tariff and value-added tax exemption for imported equipment for their own use

4. Foreign funded enterprises that allow 100% export of printed matter and processing with supplied materials to import printing equipment for their own use shall be exempted from tariff and value-added tax; For a wholly-owned printing enterprise that exports 100% of its printed matter, the tax levied on the import of its own printing equipment shall be refunded in five years after verification

5. Formulate unit consumption standards for printing and processing trade to facilitate the import and export of foreign-funded enterprises. Before and after China's accession to the WTO, unit consumption standards for processing trade such as books and newspapers, children's books, toy color boxes, shoe boxes, cigarette boxes and film boxes have been formulated, which greatly facilitates the verification and cancellation of foreign-funded enterprises' import and export printing products at the customs

the adoption of the above more open and more preferential policies has created a good investment environment for foreign investors, attracted many foreign investors to invest in printing enterprises in China, greatly promoted the exchange of printing technology between China and foreign countries, especially the introduction of high and new technology. Foreign funded enterprises have brought advanced technology, advanced management, high-quality outsourcing business, and of course, market competition, It has effectively promoted the prosperity and development of China's printing industry. Now it can be said that the most advanced printing equipment in the world is basically available in China, and high-quality printing products are continuously sent to all parts of the world. China has become a major printing country in the world

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